Philodendron Selloum care is an easy Philodendron to grow and care for. If you are looking for a unique houseplant with green yet jagged edges on the foliage, a Philodendron Selloum plant may be for you.
To give this Philodendron plant the best care, it requires well-draining soil, water the plant when the top inch of the soil is dry, provide it with bright indirect sunlight, temperatures ranging from 65-85F, and high humidity levels.
Quick Care Overview
|Common Name||Hope Selloum|
|Scientific Name||Philodendron Selloum|
|Identification||Glossy lobed foliage with smooth perioles|
|Height||Up to 10 feet tall|
|Water||Water when the top inch of soil has dried out|
|Sunlight||Bright indirect sunlight|
|Toxic to Cats & Dogs||Yes|
|Toxic to Humans||Yes|
|Pests||Mealybugs, spider mites, scale, aphids, fungus gnats|
Below we will dive deep into this Philodendron Selloum care guide.
Philodendron Selloum History
South American native, Philodendron Selloum, otherwise known as the Tree Philodendron, Hope Selloum, or Horsehead Philodendron is a gorgeous tropical vining plant with shiny, massive leaves that make quite a statement when grown indoors.
Philodendron Selloum Identification
This broadleaf evergreen has large, glossy, lobed foliage attached to long, smooth petioles. Foliage may grow up to 4 feet long. The trunk is thick and woody.
Philodendron Selloum Growth Facts
This slow-growing plant can grow quite large if not kept back. This non-climbing vine typically will not flower indoors and will do best if grown with support.
How Big Does a Philodendron Selloum Get?
Philodendron Selloum can grow 10 feet tall by 6 feet wide.
Philodendron Selloum Care
The Tree Philodendron likes to be kept in bright indirect light and remain in moist soil.
Philodendron Selloum Soil
Philodendron Selloum will appreciate being grown in a loose, well-draining, airy mix. Create your own perfect soil blend by combining peat moss or coco coir with orchid bark, and perlite.
Philodendron Selloum Fertilizer
Philodendron Selloum is not considered to be a heavy feeder, but it will benefit from a light feeding during the warm growing season of spring and summer. Feed your Philodendron Selloum monthly from a diluted, balanced, liquid fertilizer. Do not overfeed and do not feed in winter, as this may lead to damage due to salt buildup and chemical burn.
Philodendron Selloum Watering
It would be best to strive to keep your Philodendron Selloum consistently moist but not oversaturated with water. Rewater your plant after the top 1-2 inches of soil has dried. Water frequency may be reduced in winter. Ensure that you do not allow your Tree Philodendron to sit in standing water within the plant container’s drainage tray.
Philodendron Selloum Light Requirements
Like many other indoor tropical houseplants, Philodendron Selloum will do be if kept in bright indirect sunlight, such as from being placed near an eastern or southern-facing window. However, avoid putting your plant in intense, direct sunlight, as this may easily lead to foliage burning.
Philodendron Selloum Temperature & Humidity
This tropical Philodendron will like to be kept in a warm, humid environment, between 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. It would be best to never expose your Philodendron Selloum to temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, as this may cause permanent damage. To provide your plant with the humidity it craves, consider installing a humidifier, pebble tray, or misting your plant every couple of days.
Repotting Philodendron Selloum
Repot your Tree Philodendron every 2-3 years, or whenever you see roots poking through the plant container’s drainage holes. Repot your plant, refresh the soil, tamp lightly, water thoroughly, and place in indirect light.
Philodendron Selloum Maintenance & Pruning
You should prune your Philodendron Selloum during the early spring, using sharp clean shears to maintain uniform growth. However, you may trim back your plant any time of the year if it has become unruly or if you spot any dead, diseased, or discolored leaves. It is best to wear gloves when pruning Philodendron Selloum, due to its toxic sap.
Philodendron Selloum Propagation
You may propagate your Philodendron Selloum quickly through stem cuttings. Propagation should be done in the spring. You may choose to root the cuttings in either water or soil. Cut stems that are at least 2″ long as close to the base of the plant as possible. Place your cutting in either water or soil. Roots should appear within a few weeks. It is advisable to wear gloves when propagating Philodendron Selloum.
Philodendron Selloum Toxicity
Toxicity to Humans
Philodendron Selloum is considered toxic to humans due to its calcium oxalate content. Therefore, do not consume any portion of this plant. Additionally, this plant should be kept away from small children and babies. It is also recommended to wear gloves when handling this plant, such as during pruning, repotting, and during propagation, as this sap emitted from this plant may cause contact dermatitis.
Toxicity to Cats & Dogs
Unfortunately, Philodendron Selloum is considered toxic to pets and should never be ingested. However, if you suspect your cat or dog has consumed any portion of this plant, contact your veterinarian or animal poison control immediately.
Philodendron Selloum Problems
Philodendron Selloum Leaves Turning Yellow
When the foliage of Philodendron Selloum turns yellow, it is likely due to either overwatering or overfertilization. Prune back any yellowing leaves and allow the soil of your Philodendron Selloum to dry out more in between waterings.
Philodendron Selloum Leaves Turning Brown
Browning foliage when it comes to your Philodendron Selloum is typically due to a lack of moisture or humidity.
Philodendron Selloum Diseases
Although Philodendron Selloum is not particularly prone to any plant diseases, it may suffer issues related to overwatering, such as root rot or bacterial or fungal issues. Ensure that you do not overwater your plant.
Philodendron Selloum Pests
Philodendron Selloum may become susceptible to infestation from common indoor houseplant pests, such as spider mites, aphids, scale, mealybugs, fungus gnats, and more. Periodically check your plant for signs of infestation. If pests are spotted, isolate your plant, and treat it with a pesticide, such as insecticidal soap or neem oil.